Resin bound driveways are fast becoming an interestingly popular driveway choice for homeowners all across the UK, and for good reason. A resin driveway is stylish, highly durable, permeable, by far one of the easiest to maintain surfacing materials, yet very affordable. No wonder they are getting all the love!

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If you are still in a fix about whether or not this type of driveway is an ideal pick for you, it will be worth your while to take a dive into all there is to know about resin bound driveways. From alluring benefits to distasteful drawbacks, resin bound aggregate types, cost of installation etc.

At Your resin driveway, our team of highly skilled and experienced resin driveway installers are on hand to assist you with all you need to install your very own environmentally friendly and stand out driveway in the UK.

But first, let's expose you to all there is to know!

What is Resin Bound System?

A resin bound system is a surface solution that involves a hard-wearing course of resin mixed with dried composites or aggregates, which can be laid onto entirely new or existing bases like macadam or concrete base. Unlike a resin bonded system, in which the dried composites are scattered over a full layer of resin, a resin bound system is absorptive and can be installed without the need of a planning permission as it is considered an SuDS compliant installation.

What can Resin Bound System be used for?

Resin bound systems are extremely versatile, and can be used for various surfaces including:

  • Driveways
  • Paths
  • Patios
  • Parks & Gardens
  • Concourses
  • Car Parks
  • Cycle Paths
  • Terraces
  • Bridges
  • Schools
  • Towpaths

What are the types of Resin?

There are different types of resin compounds - ranging from naturally occurring viscous plant compounds to artificially synthesized resins - including polyethylene resin, polyester resin, phenolic resin, polycarbonate resin, silicone resin, to name a few. However, generally, there are two major resin materials used by professionals for resin driveway installation. These include;

  • Epoxy resin
  • Polyurethane resin

Epoxy Resin

Which isn’t very common today is made up of epoxides and characterized by strong adhesion properties, tough resistance to heat and chemicals. But unfortunately does not offer much in terms of load–bearing resistance.

Polyurethane Resin

Polyurethane resin on the other hand is more dominant and a top choice in the market. Some of its benefits include great bonding properties, and high resistance to heavy loads, abrasion and can withstand scuffing, chemical damage and more.

What’s the difference between UV-Stable vs Non-UV Stable?

UV stable resin can easily be cured using ultraviolet light and therefore cannot be damaged by it. Conversely, Non-UV Stable resin is a standard resin which is cured by a chemical reaction - simply allowing ample time for all aggregates to hold firmly.

UV stable resin summary

  • Makes for quick installation and can cure within minutes.
  • Highly durable and not susceptible to cracking.
  • UV stable resin is resistant to moisture, cold and heat.
  • It is more expensive than non-UV resin.
  • It is more expensive than non-UV resin.

Non-UV stable resin summary

  • A cheaper option to buy than UV Stable resin.
  • Can easily be cured by letting it sit for the required time and does not need UV light to cure.
  • Non-UV stable resin is highly unstable and can change colour under prolonged UV exposure.
  • It is prone to cracks and can become brittle in extremely hot temperatures
  • Take a longer time to cure - up to days

Types of Resin Driveway

  • Resin Bound:

    Resin bound is the best option for driveway installation. It usually involves coating the solids in polyurethane resin. The solids vary from aggregate, crushed marble, recycled plastic and lots more. The mixture lays on a firm base, creating a smooth upper surface.

    The resin–bound mixture provides a rainwater permeable layer so puddles don’t form - which means drainage is never a problem. For resin bound, the thickness of the layer varies depending on the size of aggregate, the type of stone used and whether you are making a driveway or resin patio etc. The resin covers all the solids, so there is not a chance of anything working loose.

  • Resin Bonded

    The resin bonded has a layer of resin on a sub-surface. The solids are then scattered and pressed into the layer in order to cover the resin. Because the stone is on top of the resin, the stone is exposed and there is a chance it will work loose. The layer is non-permeable and is only one stone layer thick. In terms of cost, resin bonded is a cheaper option which may cost an average of £26 per m2 compared to resin bound driveways that cost £40 per m2.

Resin Bound Colours and Styles

There are many colours and textures of resin bound aggregates. The different colours simply result from the colour of the resin gravel and any other aggregate used in the resin mix. Interestingly, resin bound suppliers have unique names for each colour and if you need assistance in choosing a colour combination that will complement your driveway, we can help - simply call in to speak with an expert.

Some examples of resin bound colours include:

  • Oyster pearl is one of the most popular colours and is resistant to UV fading
  • Gold and grey colour stone blend that looks just like jewels
  • Plain grey colour resin bound with variety of grey color tones
  • Mix of golden, brown and white colour
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What are the Pros and Cons of Resin Bound Driveways?

Resin bound driveways as a surfacing solution offer outstanding benefits. But as with other types of driveways, they do not come without a few unavoidable flaws. If you are interested in installing a new resin bound surfacing, it is important that you weigh up its benefits and drawbacks.

Resin Bound Pros:

  1. Aesthetic appeal:

    As long as Resin bound driveways are concerned, the possibilities design and style are endless. They readily enhance the appearance of any home with a wide range of colour combinations available for use. Making it possible to either have a drive that blends in with its surroundings; or create one that stands out with visually satisfying appeal.

  2. No Drainage Issues:

    When resin bound driveways are installed correctly, proper drainage is guaranteed. Resin driveways offer a porous surface that is permeable to water.

  3. Cost effectiveness:

    Given the right conditions, resin bound driveways are a very pocket friendly surfacing option. For instance if a resin bound driveway is to be installed onto an existing sub-base, it will cost far less than when a new sub base is to be laid.

  4. No Planning Permission:

    Resin bound is compliant with Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SuDS), taking away all the hassle of getting a planning permission to install your driveway.

  5. Fast installation:

    Without requisite groundworks, depending on the size of the project, a resin bound surfacing can be completely installed in a day or two. In cases where groundworks (preparation and laying of sub-base) are needed, a resin bound installation can usually be completed within a week.

  6. Easy to maintain:

    One of the major selling points of resin bound driveways is that they are easy to maintain and only require periodic cleaning. Unlike other driveway, you will less likely experience weed or moss growth as long as the resin bound surface is kept clean.

Resin Bound Cons:

  1. No official regulation:

    Because there is no official regulation governing resin driveway construction or resin driveway installers, it is easy to fall into the hands of substandard workmanship. Every tradesman out there lays claim to being a professional but not all live up to expectation. You should ensure you use a reputable company or at least one that is accredited by a national trade association. If you have no idea where to look, feel free to fill out the form on this page or alternatively give us a call to get started.

  2. Using of wrong Resin type:

    Types of resin available for use in resin bound driveways installation differ one to another. If you choose the wrong type or quality of resin, you may begin to notice colour change. It is important that you protect your driveway from Ultraviolet light and choose your colours keenly.

  3. Size of Stone and Drainage:

    When small resin bound stone or aggregate is used, it does not allow surface water to drain as easily as a large stone will.

  4. Moss and weed problem:

    Organic growth of weed and moss can easily become a resin driveway problem if not well maintained. Maintenance here is simply keeping the resin surface clean at all times.

  5. Loose aggregates and Cracks:

    While this is rare, if the sub-base on which your resin bound has been laid is in poor condition, you’ll eventually be left with cracks that need repairs.

Expert tip: “When it comes to resin bound driveway installation, we always advise a full installation from start to finish. However, if your budget does not support this, and you want to overlay resin on existing tarmac or concrete surface, ensure that all cracks irrespective of size are completely filled to avoid future damage.”

Steps to take to Install a Resin Bound Driveway:

When it comes to installation of driveways, resin is a clear choice for many. If you have decided to install a resin driveway on your property, follow the simple steps below:

  • Get the areas checked: Your first step is to measure all the areas and get the bases checked. Base work is always important to consider, especially when cost is factored in.
  • Choose a Colour: Decide on your preferred colour; natural aggregates are the most economical, and actually have some lovely colours.
  • Get in touch for a Quote: When you contact us, you are entitled to a no-obligation quote. You can also take advantage of our free survey offer and have a professional inspect your property.
  • Installation: If you’re satisfied with the quotation, you can go ahead to choose a date for installation.
  • Enjoy your long lasting resin bound driveway.

What are the stages involved in resin driveway installation?

As you’re getting to know a lot about resin bound driveways, it's important that you understand the steps taken by professionals during installation. An incorrectly laid driveway could leave a sour taste in your mouth when your driveway starts to wear after only a very few years.

Step #1. Preparatory stage

The first step in installing a resin bound driveway is ensuring that the sub base/ surface on which the resin is to be laid is inspected and repairs are pointed out where necessary. Usually, with resin driveways, excavation is rarely required as resin driveways can be pretty much laid onto any sub base. In the preparatory phase, your professional resin installer will determine whether or not your sub-base is stable enough to support the expected usage for your driveway.

Step #2. Mixing

The next step is mixing the resin. Here, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions to the letter. And it is also imperative to ensure there is consistency in mixing as this will largely determine how well your driveway turns out.

Step #3. Combining resin and aggregates

A resin bound mixer (a Forced Action Mixer) is then used to combine the mixed resin with resin bound aggregates and sand - also keeping in mind the manufacturers’ guidelines. At this point, it is important to ensure that all solids are dry, otherwise the resulting mixture will be inconsistent and won’t bond properly.

Step #4. Installation

Once your resin bound is properly mixed, you can then transport the mix to the already prepped area for installation using a plastic–lined wheelbarrow. You can then go ahead to spread the mix as evenly as possible and trowel on to the sub base.

Step #5. Curing

Lastly, after the resin bound has been laid, mixture is allowed to cure for about 4 hours at 20°C

How Much Do Resin Driveways Cost?

Resin bound overlay driveways are unbelievably cheap as compared to other alternatives. If you install on a pre-existing base, the price is significantly reduced. Quantity surveyors estimate a cost within the range of £60-£80 per square meter on installation except for steps, walls and other special surfaces.

Resin bounds are more expensive at £90-£120 than its cheaper resin overlaid counterpart due to the sub-base that needs to be installed prior to the resin bound aggregate being laid on the top. It does not require any form of planning permission.

The cost of resin driveway per m2 will vary depending on the proposed area. Resin bound driveway cost for larger areas will usually attract a reduced price per m2. For example, a typical driveway of up to 40m2 will cost about £60 per m2 and driveway size larger than 100m2 may cost as low as £45 per m2.

Area size Cost per m2 Total Cost
10m2 £80 £800
20m2 £70 £1400
40m2 £60 £2400
100m2 £50 £10,000

Using these estimated figures it is relatively easy to calculate the cost of your outdoor surface. However with the above figures, it is assumed that there is no extra work, such as excavation of an existing driveway, inserting kerbstones or levelling off the base and there are no VAT costs.

Further, if you require a much more detailed estimate considering the nature and complexity of your project, you can contact us and our expert driveway installers will use a resin bound calculator to give you a realistic estimate to expect. (N/B: Again, even this figure is not set in stone as a contractor may need to visit and inspect the site before issuing a final quote, having taken account of all surrounding factors)

Here's a list of common factors that affect resin bound driveway cost

  • Size of the area of driveway
  • Presence of slope
  • Overall design/style of driveway. For e.g will resin bound steps be included
  • The thickness of the layer
  • Is a geotextile membrane going to be used for weed control?
  • Are kerbstones going to be used for edging the driveway?
  • Will there be a need for extra drainage especially depending on the preexisting sub base?
  • Is the existing sub base stable enough or will excavation be required?
  • How quick is the installation needed and how many hands will be needed
  • Cost of hiring machineries e.g Resin bound mixer or excavating machines.

How do you maintain a Resin Surface?

In order to maintain the resin surface, it is advisable to do the following:

  • Avoid using chemicals on your resin bound driveways. However in the event of an accident of chemical spillage or petrol, engine oil and other solvents, ensure you hose down and dilute immediately.
  • Resin surface can easily be kept clean by sweeping the surface with a broom to remove dirt, soil and sand.
  • If there is ingrained dirt that won’t come out by mere top surface sweeping, use a fan spray pressure washer.
  • If you want to use a jet washer to pressure wash your driveway, ensure this is done at low temperature.
  • If you notice any seedlings growing, pull them out together with their roots or alternatively apply a mild weed killer.

Resin Bound Driveway Alternatives

Although resin bound driveways are long lasting, the cost of installing resin bound steps or laying a completely new driveway may be a discouraging factor. Here are some alternatives to resin bound driveway material:

  • Gravel - Gravel and resin can be comparable in terms of cost. It is, however, not as stable as resin and can become very messy with loose aggregates on the surface. It also is very prone to weed and grass growth.
  • Block Paving - Block paving is a traditional material that is exceptionally durable. It is very easy to maintain and repairs can be made to individually laid blocks. Unfortunately, weeds are seen to grow in between poorly maintained pavers.
  • Concrete - Concrete is yet another hardwearing resin driveway alternative. It is easy to install, fair to maintain but prone to cracks and stains from substances like oils and petrol.
  • Tarmac - Tarmacadam is a less recommended alternative to resin driveways as it's not as hardwearing and durable. It is quite popular as it is a cheaper option compared to other paving materials. Unfortunately, it is not resistant to high temperature and the surface may become brittle giving room for cracks and potholes.

If you have any of the above surfaces previously existing on your driveway, and you wish to install a new resin bound gravel driveway, installation is fast and easy.

Do I need Planning Permission?

No, resin bound driveways do not require planning permission. If you are not familiar with the term, what this means is that usually, a planning permission is required before any form of surfacing installation that is not permeable can be carried out. In 2008, the government legislation stated that planning permission will not be required if the new surfacing material being installed is permeable and allows for proper drainage.

How can we help?

A search for “resin bound driveway installers near me” will leave you in a more confused state. As there will be tons of options to pick from. That’s where we come in. When you contact us, we will connect you to a tested and trusted, highly skilled resin driveway technician to help you bring everything you imagine your driveway to be to life!

It also helps knowing that all professional tradesmen on our team offer a 10year guarantee for resin bound driveway installations all across the UK. All materials used are high quality and sourced from reputable resin bound suppliers in the UK, so you can rest assured that your new driveway will be excellent.

FAQs

Are resin driveways cheaper than block paving?

Generally, resin bound driveways are a cheaper option than block paving for obvious reasons. Firstly, resin requires far less maintenance than block paving. And because it can be laid directly onto any existing surface, that also supports reduced cost.

Can weeds grow through resin?

Suppliers’ guarantees vary between 10 years up to 20 years. However, a properly installed resin bound driveway is durable and can last longer than 25 years after installation. This is why it is important to employ the services of professionals if you need to install a resin bound.

Can you pressure wash a resin driveway?

Yes, it is possible to pressure wash a driveway. Is it best practice? No and but if this must be done, proper care should be taken to ensure it does not cause damage to the resin surface. Do not exceed a pressure of 150bar, use cool water (not hot or cold) and use a fan–shaped spray.

Is Resin Slippery When Wet?

The resin is mixed with the aggregate stone and smoothed over when laid, although it is of a rough texture it can become slippery when icy, as it is with any other surface type. However, advancement in technology has seen anti slip materials being added to resin bound driveways which makes them slip resistant.

How long before you can drive on a resin driveway?

Ideally, resin bound driveways should be left at least 24hours after installation before cars are allowed on a resin driveway. However, 6-8 hours after installation, the resin driveway will be ready for pedestrian traffic. But we usually advise that you let your resin bound cure for 48 hours before vehicular traffic is allowed.

Can you lay resin bonded gravel on concrete?

Simple answer yes - If you use incorrectly mixed resin, the surface may likely crack. Similarly, if you use incorrect ratios of aggregate and resin, the mix will likely crack. With an expert resin bound installer, your driveway will serve its purpose for decades without having a single crack to the surface.

Do weeds grow through resin driveways?

Generally, resin is already treated with mild weed killer before installation of the driveway. So, weeds will not grow through the surface. However, sometimes weeds might grow on the surface. If this happens, use a diluted weed killer or remove the weed together with its roots by hand.

Is resin better than tarmac?

Our answer as specialist resin contractors is yes, resin is better than tarmac. Resin bound surfaces besides being more durable than tarmac is a far more attractive option. In addition, resin driveway requires less maintenance than tarmac and are quite cost effective owing to the fact that they are readily installed onto any pre-existing surface or sub base. They are weed resistant and finally, because of their permeable nature, they comply with the UK government’s SuDS planning regulations.

Can a resin drive be repaired?

Yes, if a resin–bound surface becomes damaged, it is possible to repair small areas. You must chisel out the damaged part and then use an aggregate mix, exactly the same as the original. However, there is no guarantee that the repair will be invisible.