Resin Driveways Vs Concrete Driveways - Which is best for you?
Resin Driveways Vs Concrete Driveways
Concrete driveways, especially pattern imprinted concrete driveways, have been around for a long time and have been commonly used since the early 90s. They come in various textures, patterns and colour blends which adds to the beauty of the property.
A concrete driveway as the name implies is cast in concrete and decorated with a patterned design, colour or imprint in various forms either in the appearance of a brick, tile or cobblestone. A Concrete driveway is not an ordinary cement driveway as cement is just one of the components of the concrete. Concrete consists of various sizes of stone aggregates which are bound by a mixture of water and cement (a lime-based binder).
Pattern imprinted concrete driveways consist of aggregate stones which range from the size of gravel to fine sand. It is also known as stamped concrete and involves pouring concrete on a sub base and then making the desired imprints when the concrete is wet. The imprints can be patterns of any kind, tiles, bricks or stones; colours can also be added followed by a hardener.
Pattern imprinted concrete driveways are hard wearing and durable. However, like any concrete surface, it is susceptible to cracking. It also needs re-coating of the surface regularly to maintain its appearance thus increasing the cost of maintenance.
Types Of Concrete Driveways
- Poured Concrete Driveways
- Exposed Aggregate Driveways
- Stamped Concrete Driveways
- Stencil Concrete Driveways
- Slate Concrete Driveways
Resin driveways, although they have not been around as long as pattern imprinted concrete, have become more popular with huge benefits making it a material of choice for most people for their driveways. They are made by a mixture of polyurethane resin and aggregates which is laid over a strong base (hardcore) to create a stunning, aesthetic and durable finish.
Resin driveways are hardwearing and flexible too which makes the resin surface less prone to cracking.
There are two types of resin driveways which are made up of the same materials- resin and aggregates but the difference lies in the method of attachment of both materials.
Resin Driveway Types
The two types of resin are as follows;
- Resin Bound Driveway:
The resin bound driveway is by far the commonest type of resin driveway in the UK. In the resin bound system, the aggregate stones are mixed together with the resin and then laid on a hardcore sub-base after which it is compacted and smoothened meaning there is no loose gravel.
Resin bound driveways are SUDS compliant as they allow rain water to permeate through it to the water table without the formation of puddles and standing water.
- Resin Bonded Driveway:
In the resin bonded driveway type, a layer of resin is spread across a subbase onto which aggregates are scattered and pressed into covering all the resin. With the aggregates exposed and the resin under, some gravel will remain loose and fall off over time.
Though not as popular as the resin bound driveway, they are cheaper. They are also not SUDS compliant because of its non-permeable surface which means that water cannot permeate through to the water table necessitating additional drainage works to avoid standing water. This is why one must obtain planning permission from the UK planning authority before installation.
As with any concrete driveway, the pattern imprinted concrete is losing popularity with each passing year majorly because of problems associated with maintenance. They are prone to surface spalling and affected by freeze/thaw. Pattern imprinted concrete can be very slippery and this can have a negative impact on areas where anti-slip properties are required.
Pros And Cons Of Pattern Imprinted Concrete
There are a lot of benefits with installing a pattern imprinted concrete driveway. These include durability, strength, cost effectiveness and versatility which means that a wide range of designs and patterns are possible with pattern imprinted concrete.
The benefits of a pattern imprinted include;
- Longevity and Durability: Imprint concrete driveways are very durable and long lasting. When installed correctly, and maintained properly, concrete driveways can last for a very long time.
- Cost Effective: Although they may be quite expensive during the initial installation, yet they prove to be economical since they are durable. Imprinted concrete driveways will surely give you good value for your money.
- Compliments Existing Property: Pattern imprinted concrete can be made to complement and boost existing outdoor features whether gardens, furniture and other existing colours since a concrete driveway can be patterned into various forms, styles and designs. Concrete driveways add value, elegance and upgrades a property.
- Versatility: Imprinted concrete driveways are very versatile as they allow for the incorporation of various different patterns, designs, textures, pattern imprinted concrete paint and pressed concrete paint. This is very essential for landscaping and outdoor space decoration as the driveway can be made to complement and accentuate existing outdoor properties. With pattern imprinted concrete, there is always a design that will suit the needs and personality of every homeowner. The driveway can be made to have the appearance of a tile, slate, stone, cobblestone or brick.
- Strength: Imprinted concrete driveways are known for their incredible strength and ability to withstand the use of heavy vehicles on it for a long period of time. This is as a result of its rigidity and non-flexibility.
- Impervious To Growth Of Weeds: Pattern imprinted concrete if properly installed and well maintained, leaves no room for weeds or moss to sprout.
- Reaction To Heat And Light: imprinted concrete reflects heat rather than absorbing them as asphalt does. The implication being that they are much cooler on a sunny day since they absorb less UV radiation from the sun. Concrete driveways can also help you save energy costs over time because you will not need as much lighting as for instance an asphalt driveway may need.
- One of the drawbacks of pattern imprinted concrete driveways is that it is not DIY friendly especially for large projects and so needs the services of an expert for best results.
- Also, Treatments, paints and other color-etching do most likely fade away with time meaning that the imprinted concrete will no longer appear as attractive and will need more maintenance than plain concrete. Occasionally there will be need for surface recoating to maintain appearance and aesthetics.
- Pattern imprinted concrete driveways are also susceptible to cracks as a result of earth movements or very cold temperatures which will need sealants to cover the cracks. Annual maintenance is therefore required to increase the longevity of the imprinted concrete driveway.
- They are slippery when wet and will need to be sealed with an anti-slip sealant to mitigate this problem else they can cause accidents.
- Even with the best of installations, there is a possibility of hairline crack.
Resin driveways have a lot of benefits which are making it a very popular driveway choice. It is known for its smooth, durable and flexible surface, making it less prone to cracks. In addition to being aesthetically appealing, they require only minimal maintenance in contrast to other types of flooring such as gravel, tarmac, block paving and concrete.
The versatility of the resin driveway means that there are a wide variety of colours to choose from, different resin driveway patterns to give you unique resin driveways that will suit your style and personality. Resin driveways are also very permeable eliminating the worries of flooding and stagnant water on your driveway since they allow water to drain through to the water table.
There are two types of resin according to their behavior in the presence of sunlight. The UV resistant and the non-UV resistant resin. With the UV stable resin, your resin driveway will neither fade nor discolour thus maintaining its beauty for a long time.
Benefits Of Using The Resin Driveways
- Hardwearing: Resin bound driveways are known for their longevity and durability. They can last for more than 20years under normal conditions.
- Accessibility: Resin driveways are easy to access while not being slippery at the same time making it ideal for ramps used by bicycles, scooters, buggies, pushchairs and wheelchairs.
- Surface Smoothness: Resin driveways are hand finished which give it its characteristic smooth surface. In Resin bound driveways, there are no loose stones which makes it safe to walk on even in wet and icy conditions as it offers anti-slip properties.
- Colour Stability: Resin bound driveways maintain their colour for a long time and so you are guaranteed no change in colour as long as they are UV stable adding to their durability.
- Minimal maintenance: Resin driveways require minimal maintenance meaning that they can be kept clean with only a broom. A power or pressure wash occasionally is also enough to maintain its flawless finish.
- Impervious to growth of weeds: Resin driveways are also resistant to weeds, mosses and algae. This is made possible as their roots are prevented from sprouting adding to its very little maintenance requirement.
- Permeability: Resin surfaces are SUDS (Sustainable Urban Drainage System) compliant. Therefore, water is able to drain away through the surface of the resin patio thanks to its porous surface down to the water table.
- Adaptability and Versatility: A huge variety of unique designs, logos, letterings, patterns, motifs and symbols can be incorporated into the resin bound driveway according to client’s needs. With resin driveway, there is always a unique and aesthetically appealing design that will best suit the client’s personality.
- Variety of colours: Resin driveways come in a wide range of colour blends and textures in both contemporary and traditional styles presenting the opportunity for creativity in your resin driveway.
- Quick installation: Resin driveways are faster and easier to install than most other flooring types. This means that you can begin to use your newly installed driveway after 24hours.
- No installation permission: In contrast to other flooring types, you do not need any planning permission to install a resin bound driveway because they are permeable and so SUDS compliant.
- Compatibility: Resin driveways are compatible and can be laid on a variety of existing surfaces as long they are in good shape- such as tarmac and concrete.
- Stability: As long as they are well installed and the base rightly made, resin driveways will not sink, cave in, swell or even crack.
- They are cost effective: Asides the cost of land preparation and excavation, which usually takes the bulk of the money, installing a new resin driveway is an economical option to other flooring systems. This presents every homeowner the opportunity of having a durable patio or driveway at an affordable price.
- Lack Of Official Regulations: There are no formal regulations and associations for resin driveway installers, contractors and resin bound companies. Therefore, poorly trained, inexperienced and unskilled installers as well as unlicensed firms can do an unprofessional job for you. This highlights why it is important to seek licensed companies and authorized installers who can do a good job for you.
Some similar organizations which companies can belong to include;
- The Resin Flooring Association.
- The Guild of Master Craftsmen.
- The Federation of Master Builders.
Belonging to these associations shows that the company maintains national standards of operation such as the ISO9001 quality management system.
- Discoloration and Fading: When inferior materials are used, there is a chance that the driveway will not stand the test of time. Also, not all types of resins are UV stable. The aromatic polyurethane resin is not resistant to UV rays and will discolour There over time as against the aliphatic type which is resistant.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete Driveways
Having considered the pros and cons of both driveway types, we will do a comparison of both under specific categories.
Comparison of Resin driveways to Pattern Imprinted Concrete Driveways (PIC)
|Category||Resin Bound||Resin Bonded||P.I.C|
Here we see that both resin driveways best pattern imprinted concrete in the following areas;
- Colour stability
- Permeability and SUDS compliance
- Slip resistance
- Weed resistance
- Frost resistance
- Totally seamless
- Flexibility and resistance to crack
- UV resistance
Other areas that give resin driveways the edge over pattern imprinted concrete include;
- A wider range of diverse design options
- Smooth, flat and hard wearing surface
- Better traction for cars and pedestrians
- 10 times more eco-friendly
- Resistant to thermal movement
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete- Areas Of Similarities
- Both require minimal maintenance to preserve the longevity of the driveway. Both resin and P.I.C driveways can be cleaned and kept tidy using a hose and broom. This is important to get rid of surface dirt which may encourage the growth of surface weeds. Light presser wash can be used occasionally to get rid of dirt on the surface.
- In terms of weed control, both of them are similar as their surfaces are impervious to weeds. Weeds unable to sprout as the presence of a well installed sub base prevents the plant from having roots and growing out. This is also one of the reasons why they both require only little maintenance. However, not all patterned imprinted concrete prevents growth of weeds. Some decorative concrete driveways have joints which weeds may grow from. This means that they require sealants every year.
- In terms of strength, both resin and concrete driveways are very strong and have an impressive load-bearing capacity. While concrete driveways may be ideal for traffic-heavy applications, resin bound driveways are also very sturdy, hard-wearing and durable especially when laid with a strong sub-base. The resin bound system also ensures that the aggregates are well held together without any loose stones.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete- Areas Of Difference:
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Permeability
Resin bound driveways are permeable allowing water to drain through and down to the water table. They are the only permeable driving surface around; they do not pose any drainage worries to the homeowner. Since they are permeable, it also means that they are SUDS compliant and do not flood on the surface of the driveway.
Resin bound surfaces are permeable because the sub base is permeable. Installers may use the ‘open grade’ tarmacadam/asphalt as a sub base.
Pattern imprinted concrete driveways on the other hand are not permeable and will need a UK planning permission before installing.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Need For Driveway Sealing
UV stable Resin driveways do not need resealing but will maintain their colour for a very long time as opposed to Pattern imprinted concrete surfaces which need to be resealed at least every two years. This is because they are not UV stable but will discolour or fade over time. Sealing is therefore important to maintain the beauty of the driveway.
Depending on the condition of the driveway, you will need about 25litres to cover between 100 sqm2 and 150 sqm2.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Diy
Resin driveways can be carried out by any individual who is physically capable to do some kneeling and some lifting.
For an average sized driveway (about 20 m²) you can use a DIY resin kit to lay the driveway. You do not need to be an expert before you can install a resin bound surface. Again, most resin kit supplying companies give out instructions and guidelines through demonstration videos which are easy to understand for DIY customers when they purchase resin bound driveway kits.
DIY resin bound gravel kits are very economical especially for a relatively small area as they are also very durable. Resin bound DIY kits contain all you need to create a stunning, permeable and beautiful resin driveway within a few hours. The resin bound surface can also be used within 12-24 hours or even sooner depending on the size.
A DIY resin bound driveway kit will have everything you need to install a new resin surface of about 1 metre² area. Resin driveway kits have a wide variety of stones from which you will certainly find a perfect match for your project.
On the other hand, Pattern Imprinted Concrete driveways are strongly not recommended as a DIY project. Therefore, you must engage the services of a professional to install a concrete driveway for you.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Durability
In terms of durability, concrete has been around for a much longer time. Concrete driveways can last for at least 30 years while some even last for almost 50years as long as they are well maintained. Surface Sealing is very crucial to protecting a concrete driveway and improving its longevity. This protects the driveway from fading as well as make an installation look new.
Resin driveways on the other hand although are also durable but are not as durable as concrete driveways. Most resin companies give a guarantee of between 10-15years.
So, if you are looking for a very durable driveway, concrete driveway may be the better choice.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Aesthetics
This is one of the areas where resin driveways do extremely well. They can be customized into whatever style, pattern and colour according to the desires of the client. A wide variety of unique designs, logos, letterings, patterns, motifs and symbols can be incorporated into a resin driveway to fit a client’s desires. With resin driveway, there is always a unique and aesthetically appealing design fit for any project and any home.
Concrete driveways on the other hand are rather known better for their functionality than aesthetics and beauty.
Therefore, if you desire custom made classy driveways to accentuate your property while remaining durable, resin is the best choice for you.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Suds Compliance
This is one major drawback of concrete driveways. They have zero permeability meaning that rainfall cannot drain through the surface to the water table. Water will remain on the surface forming a pool or flood which can cause the surface to be slippery especially in icy weather. This is why you will need planning permission before installing a concrete driveway.
Resin driveways in contrast are SUDS compliant as their unique surface porosity allows water to drain through to the water table. Therefore, you will have no need for a planning permission before installing a resin bound surface.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Uv Resistance
Resin driveways made with aliphatic polyurethane resins are UV resistant. They are stable even in the presence of sunlight unlike the concrete driveways which will fade over time requiring surface sealants at least every two years to maintain aesthetics.
With resin driveways, you will be able to save some valuable money which would have been used for periodic surface resealing.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Edging
For driveways that require special edging or where the shape of the intended driveway site is awkward or irregular, resin driveways are the answer. This is because they can be conformed to fit into any shape unlike the concrete driveways.
Resin Vs Pattern Imprinted Concrete – Cost
Of course, this is a very important factor in the comparison of resin and pattern imprinted concrete. Generally, plain concrete driveways are cheaper than resin driveways. The average price per m2 of a concrete driveway is £50 while labour costs fall between £200 and £450 per day depending on the complexity of the job.
The average cost of a resin driveway however, is between £40 – £75 m² especially where there are no additional groundworks to be done before installing the resin surface. Most resin companies charge £60 per square metre.
The resin bonded driveways are however much cheaper costing about £26 per m2 per square metre.
That cost could increase to anywhere between £100 – £130 if additional preparation works such as digging, excavation and waste disposal need to be done before laying the resin surface.
Imprinted concrete driveways cost more than plain concrete driveway. For instance, stamped concrete prices range from £100 to £150 per square metre.
Factors that affect the cost of a driveway include;
- Size of the driveway- The area of the driveway affects the overall cost of the driveway such that the driveway cost per square metre reduces as the area increases and vice versa.
The table below shows the average cost for a UV stable resin overlay laid at a depth of 15mm:
Area (m2) Price (per m2) 0-40 £60 40-100 £50 Over 100 £45
Other factors include-
- Presence Or Absence Of Existing Driveway and its condition-
- Thickness of the driveway-
- The location of the driveway
- Drainage requirements
- Condition Of Existing Driveway
- Choice Of Resin Bound Aggregate
- Depth Of The Driveway
- Edging Requirements
- The Weather & Time Of Year Of The Installation
- Purpose Of The Driveway
- The Quality Of The Resin (UV stable or Non-UV stable)
- Landscaping and garden design
- Security and lighting
Resin Driveway Average Cost
|Area (M2)||Cost per M2||Total Cost|
Average Cost For Pattern Imprinted Concrete Driveway
|Driveway size (m2 )||Time Taken||Cost Of Material||Cost Of Labour||Total Cost|
|40||4 to 5 days||£1000 to £1200||£2600 to £2700||£3600 to £3900|
|60||5 to 6 days||£1,400 to £1,600||£3,500 to £3,600||£4,900 to £5,200|
|100||7 to 8 days||£2,300 to £2,500||£5,400 to £5,600||£7,700 to £8,100|
After a careful comparison of two great driveway choices, it is evident that both types of driveways have their strengths and weaknesses. When it comes to strength, imprinted concrete driveways have the edge over Resin driveways.
However, in other areas such as cost effectiveness, durability, non-fading, UV resistance, frost resistance, and design customization, resin driveways are the best.
Furthermore, its permeability and SUDS compliance ensures that there is no need for further planning permission before installation of a resin driveway. They also have better slip resistance, crack resistance and require only minimal maintenance while also eliminating the need for surface resealing from time to time as in the case of concrete driveways. Resin driveways are also 10 times more eco-friendly than pattern imprinted concrete driveways which makes them a wise choice for the environment.